Level of OB analysis
Level of OB analysis (Scope of OB):
- Organization systems-level: organizational processes
- Group level: group/team processes
- Individual-level /individual processes
Levels of OB Analysis (Scope of OB):
OB analyses the behavior of people at all three levels viz., individual, group/team, and organizational levels.
Three Levels of Analysis in OB
- Organization systems level
- Group level
1. Individual-Level Analysis:
It is the first level of analysis. Individuals working in organizations are the building blocks for group formation. They are very different in nature. In reality, organizations are the purposeful association of individuals. The major contributing discipline at this level is psychology.
The individual-level analysis includes the characteristics and behaviors of employees as well as the thought processes that are attributed to them, such as motivation, perceptions, personalities. attitudes, and values.
This level analyses the individual’s performance in the company’s output. It is also called the micro-level of study which studies those individuals’ variables. This way, OB can find out whether the employee is good for the company or not.
2. Group (Team) Level Analysis:
Most of the individuals work in a group/team. A group is defined as two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives. Groups can be either formal or informal. It is a macro-level of study.
Major contributing disciplines at this level are sociology, social psychology, and anthropology. The group-level analysis focuses on the way people interact. This level includes group dynamics, decisions, power, organizational politics, conflict leadership, communication, and the like.
3. Organization System-Level Analysis:
When groups are combined together, they constitute (create) an organization. Major contributing disciplines at this level are sociology, anthropology, and political science. The focus of analysis at this level is on how people structure their working relationships as well as on how organizations interact with their external environmental forces. Major variables for analysis are organizational structure, culture, power and politics, and change and development, etc.
There are three levels of analysis in OB. As we move from the individual level to the organization systems level, we add systematically to our understanding of behavior in organizations. The three basic levels are analogous or similar to building blocks; each level is constructed upon the previous level. Group concepts grow out of the foundation laid in the individual section; we cover structural constraints on the individual and group in order to arrive at organizational behavior.
You may also like Introduction to Organizational Behavior.
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