Very Short Questions Spring 2015
The answers to the Very Short Questions Spring 2015 are given below:
1. State the goal of psychology.
ANS- Psychology aims to change, influence, or control behavior to make positive, constructive, meaningful, and lasting changes in people’s lives and to influence their behavior for the better. This is the final and most important goal of psychology. These four goals of psychology aren’t that different from how you would naturally interact with others.
2. What is nerve impulse?
ANS- The combined potentials of the inputs can begin a new action potential in the post-synaptic neuron. A nerve impulse is the way nerve cells ( neurons) communicate with one another. Nerve impulses are mostly electrical signals along the dendrites to produce a nerve impulse or action potential.
3. Specify the internally caused behaviour?
ANS- Internal causes related to challenging behaviour are usually two types. These are pain/discomfort and sensory stimulation/ sensory reinforcement. Internal Causes of Challenging Behaviour.
4. What is reinforcement?
ANS- Reinforcement behavior is any action that constantly reoccurs in response to a stimulus. Reinforcement is an aspect of behavioral psychology that aims to influence the actions or reaction (behavior) of an individual or organism in relation to an activity or object (bait).
5. Point out the cause of forgetting?
ANS- The following points highlight the eight main causes of forgetting. The causes are:
- Inadequate Impression at the Time of Learning
- Laps of Time 3. Interference
- Lack of Rest and Sleep
- Poor Health and Defective Mental State
6. What are the steps of problem-solving thinking?
ANS-The steps in the problem process include:
- The discovery of the problem
- The decision to tackle the issue
- Understanding the problem
- Researching the available options
- Taking actions to achieve your goals
7. Who are the mentally retarded people?
ANS- Intellectual disability, also known as general learning disability and formerly mental retardation, is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. It is defined by an IQ under 70, in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affect everyday, general living.
8. Differentiate between displayed and felt emotions.
ANS- The conceptual distinction between felt versus displayed emotions is as follows. Felt emotions represent internal responses that arise from unmet expectations. Displayed emotion is a component of emotional responding and has important communicative functions and ignites the negativity of the encounter.
9. Define personality.
ANS- Personality is defined as the characteristic sets of behaviors, cognitions, and emotional patterns that evolve from biological and environmental factors.
10. State in brief the consequences of stress.
ANS- Stress has, despite its being a psychological phenomenon, many physical consequences. Examples include heart palpitations, aching muscles, tension headaches. This is caused by the hormone cortisol which is secreted during stress.
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